Wine is good for health (it’s full of antioxidants), doesn’t make you gain weight (it’s low in calories) and, moreover, puts you in a good mood (if you don’t drink too much!).
How much wine can you drink?
The daily consumption of wine recommended by the WHO (World Health Organization) for the adult population is: 3 glasses of wine for men and 2 glasses for women, to be divided between the two main meals. General rule: no more than one and a half glass per meal for men. Within these limits, the more you weight, the more your metabolism can absorb the alcohol, but it is always better to act as if you were thin! Don’t drink when fasting: the absorption is faster, with a consequent increase of the negative effects. Never before 17 years: before this age in the liver there aren’t yet enzymes necessary to properly metabolize alcohol. Take great attention if you suffer from diabetes, due to the high glycemic index (the ability to raise the sugar level in blood). Especially in young people, who have a fast metabolism that assimilates faster, the consumption have to be limited (about once a week, within a meal rich in fibers, which slows the absorption).
Wine in the past
Until a few decades ago, the wine haven’t had a good reputation, but there is a reason why the wine is the oldest beverage known to man, which thousands of years ago noticed that the fermentation of grape turned sugars into alcohol, giving origin to the wine. Only in the last century people began to understand the beneficial effects of wine, when some scientists wondered why French people even if eating a lot of cheese, butter and fatty meats, didn’t suffer from heart diseases. The answer was that red wine is so rich in antioxidants that it can neutralize a high fat diet.
Wine and obesity
The wine gives energy because one gram of metabolized alcohol frees about 7 kcal. One liter of wine at 10% abv produces 700 kcal, more than a plate of spaghetti with meat sauce. And here comes the misunderstanding of alcohol as a food that can be metabolized by the body just like any other food. The alcohol, unlike the other foods, is immediately burned and therefore does not accumulate; this is the reason why many drinkers are fat: the combustion of alcohol save the other substances introduced with food (carbohydrates, proteins and acids) which are stored as fat.
Dunkan diet and Wine
In the first two stages of the Dunkan diet, wine is not recommended. In the third step, one glass per meal is allowed. You can drink even more, but only if you run for 20 minutes for each glass of wine. However, the excessive consumption of alcohol has fattening effects, which is why low-calorie diets or slimming is prohibited the consumption of wine.
What's in a glass of wine
Water: 80-90%, already present in grapes. Alcohol: 10-20%, formed by sugars fermentation. Sugar: 0.1-10% of glucose and fructose. Organic acids: 0.2-2%, they determine wine flavours. Antioxidants: 0.01-0.5%, they give great benefits to body and they give flavour to wine. Minerals and vitamins: 0.02-0.5%, they give wine freshness and benefits to body.
Wine benefits (if drinked in small amounts):
- it increases the body's defences (from flu to cancer),
- it keep arteries young and thins the blood,
- it protect prostate against inflammation and cancer,
- it helps digestion.
Wine side effects (if you drink too much):
- an excessive consumption causes liver, kidneys and pancreas infections,
- it cause damage to the memory and mental clarity,
- an excessive consumption of alcohol causes an increase in body fat stores.
Recipes with Wine Sweet pears: if you have a surplus of red wine, bring it to boiling point with the lemon zest, cinnamon, sugar and cloves and boil pears inside it for 5 minutes.
Sangria: add to the wine sliced fruits, lemon juice, add a little sugar and a small glass of brandy.
Vinegar: if the wine remains in the bottle without cap, in a few days it will become a tasty vinegar.
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