Endoscopic techniques gain more popularity due to the benefits they present in patient recovery and level of risk.
In recent years, surgeons of different specialties have started to use more and more endoscopic techniques. Global Industry Analysts, Inc. indicates in a new report that a growing number of healthcare organizations choose to perform endoscopic surgery. Bariatric surgery, or weight loss surgery, already benefits from its advantages.
How the endoscopic technique works
The endoscopic technique is pretty straight foreword and less intrusive than the classic surgery. It involves introducing a small camera tube in the body of the patient, called an endoscope, which is attached to the surgical instruments. The insertion can be made by small incisions, or even by a natural orifice, like the patient’s mouth. Once inside the patient’s body, the surgeon can look around using the camera tube, and perform the operation without having to use traditional intrusive procedures, like abdominal incisions.
The Transoral gastroplasty, or TOGA procedure – A Weight Loss Surgery Intervention
The TOGA procedure is a totally innovative approach to weight loss surgery. By eliminating the need for abdominal incisions, used to enter the stomach by the abdomen, the TOGA procedure takes advantage of a natural orifice, the mouth. A small and flexible surgical insert, called the TOGA device is then inserted into the patients mouth. This device goes through the esophagus and into the stomach. At this point, the TOGA device does what is usually accomplished in any weight loss surgery, that is to staple together portions of the stomach, creating the so called “pouch”. As a result, the amount of food that can be eaten is limited, and the patient will feel full even after having a small meal.
Benefits of Endoscopic Techniques
What differentiates the endoscopic technique from the traditional ones is that it is incision-free, if the insertion is made by mouth. If access to the stomach is made through the abdomen, then there are very small incisions involved. This translates into quicker recovery time for the patient, less risks, like infections or complications. The traditional surgical techniques, that involved cutting open the abdomen resulted in not only a very long and painful recovery time, but also a conspicuous scar on the patient’s abdomen. The endoscopic procedure limits the scaring to a minimum, and shortens the recovery period to a few days.
The TOGA procedure used in endoscopic weight loss surgery is still experimental. But as surgical techniques continue to improve and develop, we can be sure that in the near future obese patients will enjoy the benefits of this technique: rapid recovery, little complications, and minimum scaring. The first incision-free procedure for obesity was performed in July 2008 at Washington University School of Medicine in St Louis, MO, and the first patient to undergo the procedure was Carrie Williamson from Illinois.